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【中国稳健前行】从抗疫看中国科技制度优势

2019-05-14 12:19 来源:快乐8_快乐8平台>> 首页 房汉廷

  编者按: 突如其来的新冠肺炎疫情,是对国家治理体系和治理能力现代化的一次大考。在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,常态化疫情防控和经济社会发展“双统筹”稳步走向“双胜利”,彰显“中国之治”生动实践和显著优势。为进一步深入学习宣传贯彻党的十九届四中全会精神,更好坚持和完善中国特色社会主义制度,推动制度优势更好地转化为治理效能,中央网信办与求是杂志社共同组织“中国稳健前行”网上理论传播专栏,邀请思想理论界专家学者撰写系列理论文章,在求是网陆续推出,敬请关注。

  内容摘要: 中国在新冠肺炎疫情防控过程中,之所以能够率先行动,率先控制,率先恢复,一个至关重要的因素是中国的科技力量发挥了举足轻重的作用。从本次抗击疫情效果看,党对科技事业的全面领导、中国特色自主创新道路、规划先行、新型举国科技体制等科技制度,均发挥了独特优势和治理效能,充分验证了中国特色社会主义科技制度的显著优越性和强大生命力。

快乐8  mianduituruqilaidexinguanfeiyanyiqing,kuaile8guozaiyiqingfangkongguochengzhongzhisuoyinenggouxunsuyouxiaoezhibingduchuanbo,youxiaojiangdibingsilv,wanzhengdekejichuangxinzhidutixijiqiqiangdazhilixiaonenggongbukemei。zhengruxijinpingzongshujizai2020nian5yue8rizhaokaidedangwairenshizuotanhuishangzhichude,“kuaile8tongchouyunyongzongheguoli,kaizhanlequanfangweiderenlizuzhizhan、wuzibaozhangzhan、kejitujizhan、ziyuanyundongzhan。kuaile8jinjinyikaokejijinbu,budaoyizhoushijianjiuquedinglexinguanbingdudequanjiyinzuxuliebingfenlidedaobingduduzhu,jishituichuduozhongjianceshijichanpin,xunsushaixuanleyipiyouxiaoyaowuhezhiliaofangan,duotiaojishuluxiandeyimiaoyanfajinrulinchuangshiyanjieduan”。kexuejishujudaweilideshifang,shizhongguokejizhiduyoushihezhilixiaonengdeyicijizhongtixian,guigenjiedishizhangqiyilaizaidangdelingdaoxiashenhuakejitizhigaigedejieguo。

  党对科技事业的全面领导

  zhongguogongchandanglingdaoshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizuibenzhidetezheng,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidudezuidayoushi。dangzhengjunminxue,dongxinanbeizhong,dangshilingdaoyiqiede。xinzhongguochengliyilai,congwanzhenggongyetixidejianlidao“liangdanyixing”dengzhongdakejichengguodequde,wubushidangdequanmianlingdaodejieguo。dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyanggengshizhanzaixinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyilishigaodu,bachuangxinzuoweiyinlingfazhandediyidongli,tichu“kejichuangxinshihexin,zhuazhulekejichuangxinjiuzhuazhuleqiandongzhongguofazhanquanjudeniubizi”dezhongyaolunduan,duikejishiyedelingdaoxingchengleconglilundaozhanlvezaidaoxingdongdewanzhengtixi,tuidongkuaile8guokejichuangxinfashenglishixingbianhua、qudelishixingchengjiu,weiguojiafazhan、renminxingfudiandinglejianshidewuzhijichu。

快乐8  zaizheiciyiqingfangkongdebutongjieduan、butongchanghe,xijinpingzongshujishizhongqiangdiaokejiduizhanshengyiqingdezhichengzuoyong,duijiakuaikeyangongguanzuochuyixiliebushu。zaidiweizuoyongshang,tichu“jiandingxinxin、tongzhougongji、kexuefangzhi、jingzhunshice”dezongyaoqiu,congerba“kexuefangzhi”fangzaijiweizhongyaodeweizhi;zairenwuyaoqiushang,yaoqiuzhangwogengduojuyouzizhuzhishichanquandehexinkeji,nachugengduoyinghechanpin;zaikeyanzuzhishang,zhongshen“guanjianhexinjishugongguankeyigaojiebangguashuai,yingxiongbulunchuchu,sheiyoubenshisheijiujiebang”,yaoqiudiaodonggefangmiandejijixing,zongheduoxuekeliliang,heligongguan;zaizhiliaoshouduanshang,yaoqiujianchizhongxiyijiehe、zhongxiyibingzhong,youhuazhenliaofangan,tigaolinchuangjiuzhiyouxiaoxing;zaishijianjindushang,yaoqiuzaijianchikexuexing、quebaoanquanxingdejichushangjiakuaiyanfajindu,jishijiban,lizhengzaoriqudetupo,dengdeng。

  xijinpingzongshujizaizhongguokexueyuandishijiuciyuanshidahui、zhongguogongchengyuandishisiciyuanshidahuikaimuhuishangcengzhichu: “kuaile8jianchidangduikejishiyedelingdao,jianquandangduikejigongzuodelingdaotizhi,fahuidangdelingdaozhengzhiyoushi,shenhuaduichuangxinfazhanguilv、kejiguanliguilv、rencaichengzhangguilvderenshi,zhuazhongda、zhuajianduan、zhuajichu,weikuaile8guokejishiyefazhantigonglejianqiangzhengzhibaozheng。” zhengshiyinweiyouleyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangduikejishiyedegaoduzhongshi,bajianchihejiaqiangdangduikejigongzuodequanmianlingdaoguanchuankejigaigefazhandequanguocheng,jinjinzhuazhuxinyilunkejigeminghechanyebiangedezhongdazhanlvejiyu,shiyingjingjigaozhiliangfazhandepoqieyaoqiu,qianghuaguanjianhexinjishugongguan,shenhuakejitizhigaige,jiandingshishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlvedeng,kuaile8guodekejishiyecainenggoupibozhanlang、buduanqianxing,caideyizaizheicizhongdatufagonggongweishengweijilailinshiyingduiyouliergaoxiao。

  中国特色自主创新道路

  chuangxinshiyinlingfazhandediyidongli,shiguojiazongheguolihehexinjingzhenglideguanjianyinsu。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “hexinjishu、guanjianjishu、guozhizhongqibixulizuyuzishen。”xinzhongguochengliyilai,kuaile8guokexuejishunenggoucongdangchude“yiqiongerbai”debeidongjumianzhuanbianweijintianqianfanjingfa、yingtouganshangdejumian,libukaidangdejianqianglingdao,yelibukaiqianqianwanwankejigongzuozhefayangziligengsheng、jiankuchuangyedejingshen,jianchizouchuleyitiaozhenzhengjuyouzhongguotesedezizhuchuangxinzhilu。

快乐8  weiquanmianzhangwokejichuangxindezhudongquan,dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyanggaozhanyuanzhu,guoduankaiqile“jianchizouzhongguotesezizhuchuangxindaolu”dexinshidai。xijinpingzongshujiqiangdiao,“zhongdakejichuangxinchengguoshiguozhizhongqi、guozhiliqi,bixulaolaozhangwozaizijishoushang,bixuyikaoziligengsheng、zizhuchuangxin”。zaizheicikangjiyiqingguochengzhong,xijinpingzongshujijinyibumingquezhichu,“shengminganquanheshengwuanquanlingyudezhongdakejichengguoyeshiguozhizhongqi”。

快乐8  zhengshiyouyujiandingbuyidizouzhongguotesezizhuchuangxindaolu,caishizhongguozaiboguiyunjuedeguojikejijingzheng、chanyejingzheng、maoyijingzheng,naizhikangjixinguanfeiyanyiqingzhongshizhongjuyuzhudongdiwei。zheixieniankuaile8zailiangzitongxin、rengongzhineng、wulianwang、5g、dashuju、yunjisuan、yidongzhifu、c919dafeijizhizao、guochanhangmuzhizao、beidoudaohangxitongdengyidapilingyuqudedetupo,yijizaiguojichuangxinlian、chanyelianhejiazhilianshangdehuayuquantisheng,wuyibushijianchizizhuchuangxindaolusuoqudedechengjiu。tongyang,zaikangyizhong,shengminganquanheshengwuanquanlingyudeyixilieguochanjianceshiji、zhenliaoshebeihezhiliaoyaowudoufahuilejiusifushangdezhongyaozuoyong。

  规划先行与顶层设计优先

快乐8  fanshiyuzeli,buyuzefei。shehuizhuyizhongguodeyigejudayoushi,zhengshizaiyuqiangdiaohetuixingtongchouguihua、xiediaobingjin。zheiyidiantixianzaibaokuokejizaineidequanbushiyefazhanshang。

快乐8  《1956-1967niankexuejishufazhanyuanjingguihuagangyao(xiuzhengcaoan)》congjingjikuaile8、guofanganquan、jichukexuedeng13gefangmianninglianchu57xiangzhongyaokexuejishurenwu,weizhongguokexuejishuzhidudedingcengshejixianxingmoshikaipiledaolu。qihou,《1963-1972niankexuejishufazhanguihuagangyao》《1978-1985nianquanguokexuejishufazhanguihuagangyao》《zhonghuarenmingongheguokexuejishufazhanshinianguihuahe“bawu”jihuagangyao(1991-2000)》《quanguokejifazhan“jiuwu”jihuahedao2010nianzhangqiguihuagangyao》《guominjingjiheshehuifazhandishigewunianjihuakejijiaoyufazhanzhuanxiangguihua》《guojiazhongzhangqikexuehejishufazhanguihuagangyao(2006-2020 nian)》dengzhongyaowenjian,gongtonggouchenglezhongguokexuejishuzhidutixidedingcengsheji。

  yizheicikangyizhanxiandekejililianglaikan,《guojiazhongzhangqikexuehejishufazhanguihuagangyao(2006-2020 nian)》bujude“zhongdaxinyaochuangzhi”he“zhongdachuanranbingfangzhizhuanxiang”lianggekejizhongdazhuanxiang,dangdeshibadayilaikejiguanlibumenjijiluoshixijinpingzongshuji“zhengfukejiguanlibumenyaozhuazhanlve、zhuaguihua、zhuazhengce、zhuakuaile8,fahuiguojiazhanlvekejililiangjianzhihuayoushi”dezhongyaozhishi,jiadaleduishengmingkexue,tebieshishejirenminjiankanglingyudekejitourubuju、bushu,weicicikangyishixianbingdusuyuan、yaowushaixuan、jiuzhifangfachuangxinheyimiaoyanfadengduoxuekezonghekeyangongguan,tigonglechongfenbaozhang。

  zheizhongguihuaxianxingyudingcengshejiyouxiandekejizhidudeyoushizaiyu: yishiyizhengtidaijubu,yixitongxiaonengshejigouchengbufengongneng;ershibaozhengzhidudelianxuxing,xingchengjinqiyuzhangyuanmubiaoxiangjiehedezuheyoushi,shimeigezhiduzhijianshi“jielisai”erbushi“leitaisai”;sanshibaozhengzhongdianwentidefaxianhezhongdarenwudetichunenggouyouxiaoguancheluoshi。

  科技创新的新型举国体制

快乐8  xijinpingzongshujiqiangdiao,“renleitongjibingjiaoliangzuiyoulidewuqijiushikexuejishu,renleizhanshengdazaidayilibukaikexuefazhanhejishuchuangxin。”congshijianlaikan,kexuejishuchengguodeyongxian,laiziyukexuejiahegongchengshi、kejisheshi、kejitouru、zhishichuanbo、chanyekaifayuqiyechuangxindengduoyaosudejichengxiaoying,eryaozuodaozheiyibu,meiyouyitaoxingzhiyouxiaodekejitizhishibukexiangxiangde。

  dangdeshijiujiesizhongquanhuimingquetichugoujianshehuizhuyishichangjingjitiaojianxiaguanjianhexinjishugongguanxinxingjuguotizhiderenwu。zheiyizhidushang、tizhishangdeyoushizaiyiqingfangkongzujizhanzhongdedaolequanmianyanzheng。

快乐8  yiqingfashengbujiu,kejizhuguanbumenjiugenjugefangyanjiuchengguo,jishizongjietuichuxinguanfeiyanzhiliaode“sanyaosanfangan”,chixutansuowanshanzhongxiyijiehe、huifuqixuejiang、ganxibaodengzhiliaofangshi,dafudujiangdileganranzhedebingsilv,jishizuduanlebingdudechuanbolujing。zheicikangjiyiqingdekejitujizhanshijianbiaoming,zhengshianzhaodangzhongyang、guowuyuantongyibushu,kejibuhuitongguojiaweijianwei、fazhangaigewei、jiaoyubu、caizhengbu、zhongkeyuandengbumenhedanweichenglikeyangongguanzu,xiasheyaowuyanfazhuanban、yimiaoyanfazhuanban、jianceshijizhuanban、bingdusuyuanzhuanbandeng,xunsujijiequanguodeyoushikeyanliliang,jinjidiaopeizijin、sheshi,duoguanqixia,duocuobingju,cainenggouzaiduanqineiqudeduofangmianchengguo。

快乐8  zhengruxijinpingzongshujizaidangwairenshizuotanhuishangsuoqiangdiaode,“kuaile8zuidadeyoushishizhongguoshehuizhuyizhidunenggoujizhongliliangbandashi。zheishikuaile8chengjiushiyedezhongyaofabao。guoqukuaile8qudezhongdakejitupoyikaozheiyifabao,jintiankuaile8tuijinkejichuangxinkuayueyeyaoyikaozheiyifabao,xingchengshehuizhuyishichangjingjitiaojianxiajizhongliliangbandashidexinjizhi。”

  dangran,kuaile8zaikandaozhongguokejizhiduzhuduoyoushidetongshi,yeyaojuansiwei。xijinpingzongshujizhichu,“zheiciyingduixinguanfeiyanyiqing,baoluchuzhongguozaizhongdayiqingfangkongtizhijizhi、gonggongweishengtixidengfangmiancunzaideyixieduanban,yaojiakuaigoujianguanjianhexinjishugongguanxinxingjuguotizhi,qieshitigaoyingduitufazhongdagonggongweishengshijiandenengliheshuiping”。weici,kuaile8yaozaizongjiekejikangyijingyandetongshi,haiyaoquanfangweidijianshidangxiakejichuangxintizhidezhangbanheduanban,chongfenxishoushijiegeguodexianjinkejichuangxinchengguo,rangzhangbangengzhang,baduanbanjinkuaibuqi,tongshibayiyoudekejizhiduyoushizhenzhengzhuanhuanweixianshidezhilixiaoneng,rangkejichuangxinchengweiguojiakechixufazhandebujiedongli。

快乐8  (zuozhe: fanghanting kejiribaoshefushezhang、yanjiuyuan)

编辑: 郭昊奇

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