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当前中国青少年群体法治素养的整体图景

2019-05-09 11:11 来源:快乐8_快乐8平台>> 首页 马抗美 袁芳

  yifazhiguoshijianchihefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidebenzhiyaoqiuhezhongyaobaozhang,shishixianguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuadebiranyaoqiu。renminshiyifazhiguodezhutiheliliangyuanquan。quanmianyifazhiguo,yifangmianyaojianchifazhikuaile8weilerenmin、yikaorenmin、zaofurenmin、baohurenmin,lingyifangmianhaibixutishengquanminfazhisuyang,zengqiangquanshehuixuefazunfashoufayongfayishi,shifalvweirenminsuozhangwo、suozunshou、suoyunyong。

  qingshaonianshizuguodeweilai、minzudexiwang。qingshaonianquntidefazhisuyang,shihengliangshehuiwenmingchengduhefazhikuaile8jinchengdezhongyaobiaozhi。zhongguozhengfadaxue《qingshaonianfazhisuyangpingjiatixi》ketizuzaiquanguofanweineichouqule2987mingzhongxueshenghedaxuesheng,weiraoqixuexifalvzhishi,lijiefalvbenzhi,yunyongfazhisiwei,yifaweihuquanlihelvxingyiwudesuzhi、xiuyanghenenglidengkaizhanlewenjuandiaocha。congdiaochajieguokan,kuaile8guoqingshaonianquntifazhisuyangkeyigaikuowei: dongtaishengcheng、jijirentong、chubuyangchenghefazhanchayihua。

    动态生成: 法治认知水平总体较高,并随年龄增长呈现提升态势

  fazhirenzhijiduifalvzhishidezhangwohelijie,shipeiyufazhijingshen、tishengfazhisuyangdezhongyaojichu。diaochaxianshi,kuaile8guoqingshaonianquntiduifalvchangshi、jibenfalvzhishihezhongguoteseshehuizhuyifazhidaolu、lilun、zhidu、wenhuaderenzhichengdusuinianlingzengzhangchengxianzhubutishengtaishi。liru,85.23%dezhongxueshenghe94.84%dedaxueshengzhunquerenshi“fazhi”he“fazhi”debenzhiqubie;86.91%dezhongxueshenghe90.13%dedaxueshengnenggouzhengquerenshiziyouhefalvdeguanxi;88.53%dezhongxueshenghe89.4%dedaxueshengnenggoulijiefalvdebenzhi;89.6%dezhongxueshenghe92.5%dedaxueshengnenggourenshixianfadediwei;dengdeng。

  youcikejian,daxueshengdefazhirenzhishuipingzhengtishanggaoyuzhongxuesheng,zheizhanxianchukuaile8guoqingshaonianquntifazhirenzhishuipingdedongtaishengchengxing。jiuqiyuanyin,yishiqingshaonianzishendexinzhifazhanyuzhengzhiyishijieduanxingfazhanyouzhongyaoguanxi,butongdexinzhifazhanjieduanjuyoubutongderenzhixingweinengli。ershifazhisuyangdexingchengshiyigejianjindeguocheng,shoujiating、xuexiao、tongbeiqunti、dazhongchuanmeidengwaibuhuanjinghegetizishenduozhongyinsuyingxiang。qingshaonianfazhisuyangdexingchenghefazhanshishehuijiaohuahegetijijizhudongxuexixiangjiehedebianzhengtongyideguocheng,shizaixuexizhongshenghua、zaineishengzhongwanshan、zaizilvzhongyangcheng、zaishijianzhongchuiliandejieguo。sanshishehuizhuanxingheshidaifazhanshenkeyingxiangqingshaonianquntifazhisuyangdepeiyu。quanmiantuijinyifazhiguodezhanlverenwushifazhineihangengjiafengfu、fazhiliniangengjiaxianjin、fazhimubiaogengjiajuti,zheiduiqingshaonianquntidefazhisuyangtichulegenggaoyaoqiu,bujintixianweiduifazhidelijieherenshi、duifalvdezijuezunshouhezuncong,haibiaoxianweiduifalvzhishanglinianhejiazhidezijuerentonghejianxing,biaoxianweizhenzhengjiangfazhineihuaweizishendeshenghuofangshi。

    积极认同: 肯定国家法治快乐8成效,并与时代发展保持良性互动

  fazhirentongshizhirenmenduifazhilinian、falvguifanjifazhishijiansuoxingchengdepubianrenke、jieshouhexinrendetaidu,yijijiangqineihuaweizijuefuconghuocanyuxingdongdeguochenghuozhuangtai。fazhirentongshifazhikuaile8xingwenzhiyuandeneizaiqudongli,taiduyuxingdongzhijiandebianzhengzhuanhuan,youzhuyushiguangdaminzhongchengweishehuizhuyifazhidezhongshichongshangzhe、zijuezunshouzhehejiandinghanweizhe。diaochaxianshi,qingshaonianquntizhengtigaodupingjiakuaile8guofazhikuaile8chengjiu,duijieshoufazhijiaoyubiaoxianchunonghouxingqu。liru,72.49%deqingshaonianrenweixuexifalvdeyiyizaiyusuzaoxiandaigongminpinge、cujinzishenquanmianfazhan;80%zuoyoudeqingshaonianxiangxinfalvnenggouweihugongminhefaquanyi。zhendui“shehuizhuyifazhizuigenbendebaozheng”detiwen,qingshaonianpubianxuanzele“jianchizhongguogongchandangdelingdao”。

  youcikejian,kuaile8guoqingshaonianquntirenke、xinrenhezunzhongfazhi,juyouduanzhengdexuexitaidu,duishixianquanmiantuijinyifazhiguodezongmubiaochongmanxinxin。zheiyukuaile8guofazhikuaile8jinchengchengxianchuxianmingdeouheguanxi。dangdeshibadayilai,kuaile8jiandingbuyizouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyifazhidaolu,jianchiyifazhiguo、yifazhizheng、yifaxingzhenggongtongtuijin,fazhiguojia、fazhizhengfu、fazhishehuiyitikuaile8,fazhizhongguokuaile8chengxiaoxianzhu,qingshaonianquntiduicishenyoutihuibingchongmanzihaogan。muqian,kuaile8guoqingshaonianquntidefazhisuyangyushidaifazhanbaochiliangxinghudong,zheiyouzhuyuhongyangshehuizhuyifazhijingshen,kuaile8shehuizhuyifazhiwenhua,zengqiangquanshehuilixingfazhidejijixinghezhudongxing,xingchengshoufaguangrong、weifakechideshehuifenwei。

  初步养成: 初步形成法治观念和法治行为,法治宣传教育效果凸显

快乐8  fazhiguannianshifazhizhongguokuaile8desixiangjichu,bujinzhirenmenduifalvzhishideyibanzhangwo,haibiaoxianweiduifalvdexingzhi、diwei、zuoyongdengwentidetaidu、yishihesiweideng。fazhixingweizuoweiduifazhiguanniandeluoshihefazhan,shifazhisuyangpeiyudeluojiaodian。qingshaonianquntidefazhisuyangbujintixianzaiduifalvzhishidelejieshang,gengtixianzaijiangfazhijingshen、fazhiyishi、fazhiguannianrongrutounaozhong,bingzuizhongzhuanhuaweirichangzijuexingwei。diaochaxianshi,86.25%deqingshaoniancongxuexiaoketanghuodefazhizhishi,59.31%deqingshaoniantongguohulianwangfazhixuanchuanxuexifalv;70.37%deqingshaonianzantongcaiqubanjitongxueminzhuxieshangdefangshiguanlibanji,97.51%dezhongxueshenghe98.23%dedaxueshengjuyouzunshougonggongzhixuhejilvdeguannian,86.86%dezhongxueshenghe89.22%dedaxueshengxuanzetongguofalvtujingweihuxiaofeiquanli。

快乐8  youcikejian,kuaile8guoqingshaonianquntidefazhiguannianhefazhixingweiyichubuyangcheng,xingchengleduifazhidezhengquerenshi,juyoulianghaodeshoufaguannianheminzhuyishi,nenggouyifaguifanzishenxingwei、zunshougonggongzhixu,bingyunyongfalvfangfaweihuzishenquanyi,tongguofalvtujingcanyushehuishenghuo。zheibiaoming,kuaile8guoqingshaonianquntifazhisuyangyuguojiaheshehuifazhanxuyaojuyouhengaodeqihedu,tixianlekuaile8guofazhixuanchuanjiaoyudelianghaochengxiao。jinnianlai,kuaile8guogaoduzhongshifazhixuanchuanjiaoyu,dalituidongzhongguoteseshehuizhuyifazhililunjinketang、jinjiaocai、jintounao,jianlileyipiqingshaonianfazhijiaoyujidi,chubuxingchenglezhengfuzhudao、shehuituantixiezhu、quanshehuigongtongcanyudeqingshaonianfazhijiaoyufenwei,youxiaopeiyuhetigaoleqingshaoniandefazhisuyang。mianxiangweilai,yingzhuzhongyunyongdashujuduiqingshaonianfazhixingweijinxingjiancehepingjia,guanzhuqingshaonianxiaojixingweifashengdepinlvheleixing,jishiyufangqingshaonianfanzuixingwei,jinyibutigaoqingshaonianfazhijiaoyudezhenduixingheshixiaoxing。

  发展差异化: 在城乡地域、权利义务观念、维护自身权益和制止他人违法行为等方面有所差异

  diaochashujuxiangguanxingfenxixianshi,butongdiyudeqingshaonianquntiduigongquanlijiexiandelijie、yudaolaoshibudangtifahuojiatingbaolishideweiquanbiaoxian、duibanjiguanlifangshidexuanzeyousuochabie,zheizhongdiyuchabietuchutixianzaichengxiangchabieshang。yunongcunqingshaonianxiangbi,chengshiqingshaonianduigongquanlijiexiandelijiegengweizhunque,juyougengqiangdeweiquanyishiheminzhuyishi;mianduilaoshibudangtifa,chengshiqingshaoniangengqingxiangyuxiangxuexiaoshangjiguanlibumenfanyingqingkuang,nongcunqingshaoniangengqingxiangyuxiangfumufanying;chengshiqingshaoniangengzantongyongbanjitongxuexieshangminzhudefangshiguanli,nongcunqingshaonianzegengrenkelaoshidequanwei;dengdeng。

  qingshaonianquntiquanliheyiwuguannianfazhanbupinghengzhuyaotixianwei: qingshaonianquntiduijibenquanlidelejieherenshishuipingjiaogao,liru,71.84%dezhongxueshenghe80%yishangdedaxueshengrenshidaofalvquanlibaokuorenshenquanli、zhengzhiquanli、caichanquanliheshehuijingjiquanlideng,65.96%dezhongxueshenghe76.22%dedaxueshengrenshidaozongjiaoxinyanghewenhuaquanlishuyugongminjibenfalvquanli。danqingshaonianduifalvjibenyiwudelejieherenshicunzaibuzuzhichu,liru,jinyou50.1%dezhongxueshenghe43.23%dedaxueshengnenggouzhengquerenshizunshougonggongzhixu、laodongjilv、aihugonggongcaichanshuyugongminjibenyiwu。

  diaochaxianshi,kuaile8guoqingshaonianquntiyunyongfalvshouduanweihuzishenhefaquanyideyishiyijingxingcheng,danzaimianduitarenweifaxingweishihendayibufenqingshaonianbuquedingyingruhecaiquxiangyingfalvcuoshi。liru,67.48%dezhongxueshenghe67.05%dedaxueshengzaiyudaomaodunjiufenshixuanzeyunyongfalvheguizhangzhidujiejuewenti;mianduijiatingbaoli,72.6%deqingshaonianxuanzeshiyongfalvshouduanbaohuziji;zaoyuxiaoyuanqiling,47.64%dezhongxueshengxuanzexunqiufalvbaohushouduan。danzhendui“dangnifaxiantongxuehuopengyouyunyongbuzhengdangshouduanhuoquliyishi,nishifouhuizhizhi”detiwen,jin30.2%deqingshaonianxuanzehuizhizhi,buquedingruhexingdongdeqingshaonianzhan48%。

快乐8  youcikejian,kuaile8guoqingshaonianquntifazhisuyangdefazhancunzaichayihua,zhuyaotixianweiminzhuyishiheweiquanyishijuyoudiyuchayi;quanliheyiwuguannianfazhanbupingheng;weihuzishenhefaquanyihezhizhitarenweifaxingweichengxianchayixing。weici,guojiayingjijiguanzhuqianfadadiquyouqishinongcunbianyuanpinkundiqudefazhijiaoyu,jiadajiaoyufupinlidu,weiqingshaonianfazhijiaoyuzanshiluohoudediqushusongkechengziyuan、jiaocaiziyuanhejiaoshiziyuan。daliyituohulianwang,chongfenfahuishuzihuaxinxijishudetedianheyoushi,tuiguanghuijinongcunhebianyuanpinkundiquxueshengdemianfeiyouzhifazhijiaoyuziyuan。xuexiaofazhijiaoyuzhongyingchongfenzhongshifalvyiwuhefalvzerenjiaoyu,yindaoqingshaonianzhengquerenshiquanliheyiwuzhijiandeduidengguanxi,zhengquerenshizishenzaiquanmiantuijinyifazhiguozhongdezhutidiwei,cujinqingshaonianwanzhengfalvrengedexingchenghewanshan。

  (zuozhe: makangmei yuanfang,fenbiexizhongguozhengfadaxueyuanfuxiaozhang、zhongguorencaiyanjiuhuifuhuizhang,zhongguozhengfadaxuemakesizhuyixueyuanfujiaoshou、zhongguorencaiyanjiuhuirencaixuezhuanyeweiyuanhuifumishuzhang)

编辑: 武海林

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