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从战疫看中华文明的“韧”性特质

不倒的精神长城

2019-03-16 10:07 来源:快乐8_快乐8平台>> 首页 王学典

快乐8  xinguanfeiyanyiqingdefasheng,daluanleshehuidezhengchangzhixuherenmendeshenghuojiezou,jirenmendailaileshenzhongdezainanheyanzhongdeweiji,danzheibingmeinengdongyaokuaile8debishengxinnian。zheizhongbishengxinnian,bujinlaizijizhongliliangbandashidezhiduyoushihezhixingnengli,yeyuanyuzhonghuawenmingde“ren”xingtezhi。

  灾疫频仍的中华民族

  zongguanlishi,zaishijiesidaguwenmingzhong,zhiyouzhonghuawenmingbujinyimaixiangchengdiyanxuxialai,erqiebuduanchuangzaohuihuang。zheibingbushiyinweizhonghuadadidetianduhou,shishishang,zhonghuaminzuzailishishangsuozaoshoudezainanyoushenyouzhong。zhongguodiyuliaokuo、huanjingfuza,jiazhirenkouzhongduodaozhiziyuankuifa、shengtaicuiruo,yinerchengweishijieshangzaihaizuiyanzhongdeguojiazhiyi。judengtuo1937niansuozhuanxiede《zhongguojiuhuangshi》yishutongji,shixuejieguanyuzhongguoziranzaihaishidetongjiheyanjiu,congxianqindaominguo3700nianjian,shijisuojiandeshui、han、huang、bao、dizhen、wenyi、jiqiandengzaihai,jiyou5200yuci;qizhongsiwangrenshuguowandezhongdaziranzainandadao190duoci,siwangrenshuchaoguo3000wan。danjiuwenyieryan,qingmoyiqian,youqueqieyizainianfenjizaidefashengguoyizaidenianshuwei669nian,pingjunmei4nianjiuyouyinianfashengjiyizaihai,erqieyuekaojinjindai,wenyifashengdepinciyuegao、chengduyuelie。suoyidengtuoshuo: “kuaile8guozaihuangzhiduo,shijiehanyou,jiuwenxiankekaodejizailaikan,conggongyuanqianshibashiji,zhidaogongyuanershishijidejinri,jiangjinsiqiannianjian,jiyuwunianwuzai,yejihuwunianwuhuang。”

快乐8  zhongguolishishangziranzaihaidepinfa,jiashangjiuzaitiaojiandeluohou,jiputongminzhongdailaileshenzhongdezainan。jiyijindaieryan,1876zhi1878nianhuabeide“dingwuqihuang”,zhijinjinyuxiangjianhaiduocunyou“jihuangbei”,duzhilingrengankai。youyuziranzaihaiyijibanshengdeshehuidongdang、guoneizhanzheng、waidiruqin,shijieshanghenduohuihuangyishideweidawenmingjiucifumie。engesizai《ziranbianzhengfa》yishuzhongjiutichu, lianghewenming、xilawenmingyuluomawenmingdeshuailuo,yuziranzaihaidepinrengzhijiexiangguan。erjuhoulaidelishiyanjiu,yezhengmingguaijiwenming、lianghelingyudeguakadediguo、guyindudehalapawenmingshuaiwangdezhuyaoyuanyindoushiqihoubodongheshengtaibengkui;wenyidebaofa,yezhijiedaozhileluomadiguo“huangjinshidai”dejieshuyiji“faxianxindalu”zhihoumeizhouyuanzhumindedaliangmiejueheazitaikediguo、yinjiadiguodexunsuwajie。danshi,rangzainanshiyanjiuzhehenganxingqudeyigewentishiheyitongyangzaoshouzhouqixing、daguimoziranzaihaidezhonghuaminzu,quemeimeinenggouzaizainanzhongxunsuhuifu,bingchixufazhan?

  儒道互补的文明特质

  duiyuzheiyiwenti,youhenduodaan。qizhongburonghushideshi,ziguyilaiziyuandeduanque、zainandepinreng,rangzhongguorenchanshengleyizhongdutedeminzuxinli,bingjidianweiyizhongshencengdeshehuiyishi,kuaile8keyichengzuo“ren”dejingshen。zaizhongguowenhuazhongzheizhong“ren”dejingshen,yunyouqiangdadezikuaile8huifuhegengxinnengli,chengxianchubiantongdezhihuihewanqiangdehuoli,congeranranduguolishizhanghezhonggezhonggeyangdekunjing,shengshengbuxi,mianyanbujue,lijingyiciyouyicidezainanhebiangeeryanxuzhijin。

  “ren”dejingshenzaizhongguochuantongwenhuazhongdeyigebiaoxianshiwaixiangderujiasixiangheneixiangdedaojiasixiangdepeihe。zaidayitongguojiachuxiandeqianye,chunqiuzhanguoshiqidezhuzibaijia,zhenduibutongdeshehuiqingjing,geshujijian,tichuweirenchushi、zhiguoanbangdezhongzhongfangan,xingchengleshuqiannianlaiminzuzhihuide“baibaoxiang”。qizhonglianggexiangfuxiangchengdedaibiaosichao,jiushirujiahedaojia。ruguoshuorujiasixiangdaibiaolezhonghuawenmingjijijinqu、yongyudandangdeyanggangyimian,neimedaojiasixiangzefanyingchujinshenneilian、qianxurenrangdeyinrouyimian。liangzheyigangyirou,yizhangyichi,gongtongzhujiulezhonghuaminzude“ren”xingtezhi。

  ruxueshijiangqiu“rushi”dejinquxingsixiang,tayi“xiuqizhiping”weijiren,zhuiqiurenzaishehuizhongdezikuaile8shixian。zheizhongsixiangqiakeyuxiandaishehuidejingzhenghuanjingxiangpeihe: xiandaishehuichongshangjinqu,gulijingzheng;rujiasixiangzhongshiqunti,gulifengxian,zheixiedoushishehuiqianjindedongli。suoyi,rujiasixiangnenggouzaixiandaihuajinchengzhonghuanfajudadeqianneng,dongya“ruxuewenhuaquan”zaijindaidechengjiuyeyoumugongdu。danshi,rutong《zhuangzi》suowei“xingjinruchi,ermozhinengzhi”,xiandaishehuishiyige“fantianfudi”deshidai,yeshiyigebuduanjiasu、gaodujinzhangdeshidai。zaichaosudeshehuifazhanzhong,jinquxingdesixiangyehuibaoluqijuxian,neijiushitaiguozhongshi“chengjiu”erhushirenyuzirandexiediao,guoyuzhongshi“gongming”erhushirenyuneixindepingheng。youcieryan,zheiciyiqingdebaofa,shikuaile8nengzaigaosufazhandeshehuishenghuozhongzhongxinhuiguzhonghuawenmingzhongchenjingneiliandelingyimian。

快乐8  shijishang,wenyiyuanbenjiushiyizhong“shehuibing”,yizhong“wenmingbing”,tazailishishangjiushisuizherenleijinrunonggengshehuikaishidaguimodejujuerfasheng,bingsuizherenqundeyidongerchuanbo。erjinsanbainianjiankaishidexiandaihuajincheng,shirenleilishishangzuijulie、zuishenyuandeshehuibianqianguochengzhiyi,yeshiduizirandezhengfu、ziyuandelveduo、shengtaihuanjingdepohuaizuiyanzhongdeshiqi。zhangqiyilai,renleidouxiguanyurenweirenshishijiedezhongxin,ziranweirendeliyiercunzai,zhiyougongjudejiazhi,renweilezijideliyikeyiwanquanbuguzirandeliyi,zheijiushidianxingderenleizhongxinzhuyi。zhongguodaojiasixiangdezuishenkezhichu,jiuzaiyutazairenleiwenmingfazhandezaoqijiujieshihefansilewenmingfazhandezheizhongquexian。zaidaojiakanlai,ziranjiezhongdeyiqiecunzaidoushipingdengde,“wuwuguijian”“wanwuyiqi,shuduanshuzhang?”renyuziranwanwuzaishengtaixitongzhongshixianghuyicundeyoujizhengti,buyaobarenlingjiayuziranwanwuzhishang,rendeshehuizhixuyaoqushiyingwudeziranzhixu。yaobingqiduiziranguodudeqiangliniuqu、ganraohepohuai,shiwanwunenggou“zihua”“zijun”“ziding”“zizheng”,ziranerrandidadaobaokuorenleishehuizaineidecunzaiyufazhandezuijiazhuangtai,zheijiushi“daofaziran”。“tianzhidao,sunyouyuerbubuzu”,zhiyouzunxunziran,shunyingziran,cainengdadaoyuzirandexiediaotongyi。zheizhongzhengtizhuyideshengtaiziranguan,nenggoujiuzheng“shengtaikuozhangzhuyi”depianshi。

快乐8  qishi,bujinshimianduiziran,zaimianduixiandaideshehuishenghuoherichangshenghuodeshihou,daojiadetaiduyezhidezhongshi。shehuichengyuanzhangqichuyujingzhengyalihexinxibaozhazhixia,huishidiaoyingyouderenxing,gandaojiaolvyiyu,xinlingwuchuanfang。erzheiciyiqingdailaidechongji,youjiangzheizhongxintaishihengjinyibufangda: duiyubingzhengdekongju、duiyufengbidebushi、duiyuweilaidejiaolv,yingraozaihenduorendexintou,rangrenqinshinanan。duici,daojiasixiangqiangdiaoyaoduizaibianshengsibaoyoushunyingdechaoranxintai。tongshi,tayoutebiezhongshiduiyushenjiaxingmingdeyanghu,renweiguofenfangzongwuzhiyuwangshijibingzhiyuan,zhuzhangfanpuguizhen,zaichenjingziranzhongjixuliliang。“wuselingrenmumang,wuyinlingrenerlong”,zaixiandaishehuidexuanxiaoshengzhongqiudeneixindeanningzhiweizhongyao。zheizhongdanbozirandeshenghuotaidu,zairenheshidaidouyouqiyiyi,eryouweiyiriqianlidexiandaishehuisuoxuyao。daojiahaizhichunijingheshunjingdebianzhengguanxi: “huoxifuzhisuoyi,fuxihuozhisuofu”“tianxiazhizhirou,chichengtianxiazhizhijian”。renweijingkeyizhuanhuaweidong,roukeyizhuanhuaweigang,ruokeyizhuanhuaweiqiang。renshilezaibianshengsidebiranxinghezhengfanzhuanhuanzhikeneng,kuaile8zaimianduitufayiqingshijiunengyousuojituo,jintuiziru。

  进退有据的中国智慧

快乐8  “neiyonghuanglao,waishirushu”,shizhongguogudaixuduozhipingzhishideyuanze,shijiyeshiduizhongguozhihuideyizhonggaikuo。ru、daoliangjiasuodaibiaodezhonghuawenmingjinquheneiliandeliangzhongquxiang,xianghubuchong,zaimianduibutongdeshehuiqingjingshitigonglelinghuodeyingduizhidao。fengyoulanxianshengshuo: “rujia‘youfangzhinei’,xiandebidaojiarushiyixie;daojia‘youfangzhiwai’,xiandebirujiachushiyixie,zheiliangzhongquxiangbiciduili,danshiyehuxiangbuchong。liangzheyanxizheyizhonglidepingheng,zheishidezhongguorenduiyurushihechushijuyoulianghaodepinghenggan。”rujiahedaojiasixiangdebingcun,jinquheneilianjingshendejiehe,gouchenglezhonghuawenmingde“renxing”jiyin,xingchenglezhonghuawenhuafengfudebiantongzhihuiheqiangdashengmingli,yekeyishuoshizhongguochuantongwenhuazhongyongyoudeyizhongyouxiaoyingduishidaitiaozhandejizhi。mianduiciciyiqing,kuaile8bujinyaoyoudandang、jiangrenyi,tongshiyeyaoyoufansi、jiangjingqi,“yirouyungang,yigangxurou,gangroubingji,buzhebubeng”,baoyou“ren”dejingshen,xiangxinzhongguorenminbujinyidingnenggouzhanshengzheiciyiqing,erqiehuijixuqudeweidadechengjiu。

快乐8  (zuozhe: wangxuedian,xishandongdaxuegaodengruxueyanjiuyuanzhixingyuanzhang、guojiruxuelianhehuifuhuizhang)

编辑: 杨雪

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